Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue encased within our bones. Bone marrow is the primary site for the production of stem cells that are responsible for blood formation. The stem cells manufacture red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets which are the main components of your blood responsible for various important bodily functions. Unhealthy bone marrow cannot produce healthy blood cells which can cause further complications. In such a situation one may have to under bone marrow transplant. The price of bone marrow transplant in India can range from 20 lakh to 35 lakh rupees. However, there are certain preventive steps you can take that will keep your bone marrow healthy and away from surgery. We have listed down some foods that you can consume to keep your bone marrow in good help as we all know “we are what we eat”.
Protein: for construction and repair of cells
Consume a healthy diet which includes enough legumes, lentils, lean cuts of meat, eggs, dairy and fish. Our body breaks down the protein from our food into amino acid which is the building material for cells. People, who undergo bone marrow transplant, have an increased requirement of protein for proper healing and functioning after the treatment. It is recommended for the patient to consume 1.4 to 1.5 grams of protein for every kilogram of body weight for repair and renew the cells of the body.
Iron: for proper functioning of bone marrow
Haemoglobin is a red protein which is responsible for delivering oxygen to the blood and iron is essential for the formation of haemoglobin. The body can absorb only about 1 milligram from 10 to 20 milligrams of iron that we consume. And a large part of it, about 30%, is stored in the body as ferritin and hemosiderin in the bone marrow, spleen, and liver forming the lymphatic system. Iron rich food includes liver, red meat, pulses, iron fortified breakfast cereals, dried fruits, wholegrain like brown rice.
Folic Acid: for healthy marrow after transplant
One of the issues that pop up after bone marrow transplantation is megaloblastic anaemia which results into under developed blood cells. Folate or folic acid is a B-vitamin aid in DNA synthesis which helps in the proper, healthy and complete growth of the blood cells. Without folic acid, it becomes impossible for the bone marrow to multiply in number and reproduce. So, it is essential that you look after your diet after bone marrow transplant in India. Folic Acid works with vitamin B12, which stimulates enzymes in the bone marrow to encourage the production of bone marrow cells. Dark leafy greens, citrus fruits, green vegetables like peas, beans, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, asparagus are rich in folic acid.
Vitamin A: for the production of stem cells
Lack of vitamin A in the body has a detrimental effect on the hematopoietic system in the bone marrow. The deficiency causes a loss of important blood stem cells. Carrots, sweet potato, beef liver, butter, eggs and broccoli are some rich sources of vitamin A.